MODULE 1: ONTOLOGY AND DEFINITIONS
“Almost every discussion of smart cities begins with an effort to define the term or to assert that no definition is possible or necessary” (Clark, 2019, p.2).
Has the ‘smart city’ become an empty signifier? What is the role of such a cloudy concept in municipal work? Where does the smart city sit in time and space? This introductory module provides an overview of debates in the social sciences on conflicting definitions, critiques, and alternatives to dominant smart city discourses.